Overview of Australia's aid program to Vietnam

How we are helping

2017-18 Total Australian ODA Estimated Outcome
$82.2 million

2018-19 Bilateral Budget Estimate
$58.4 million

2018-19 Total Australian ODA Estimate
$84.2 million

Australia and Vietnam's partnership extends across political, security, economic and people-to-people activities. Australians born in Vietnam represent the sixth largest migrant community in Australia, and around 30,000 Vietnamese students enrol in education institutions in Australia each year. Vietnam is one of our fastest growing trade partners, and is central to regional security in Southeast Asia. The country's further development as a strong trade and investment partner is vital to our national interest and the region's prosperity.

Vietnam experienced remarkably rapid economic growth in the past two decades. However, there are risks to the medium term outlook. Businesses are constrained by the lack of a skilled workforce; and investments in infrastructure and deeper economic reforms are needed to sustain private sector growth. Inequality is a continuing challenge, with 9.3 million people living below the national poverty line (World Bank, 2016). It is a particular issue for women and ethnic minorities. Vietnam is one of few countries in which the gender pay gap has widened over the last decade. Ethnic minorities have still not benefitted equally from economic growth — although they comprise just 15 per cent of the population, they account for around half of those living in poverty.

Vietnam's Socio Economic Development Strategy 2011-20 provides the country's overarching policy for responding to these challenges. It sets three high priorities — improving market institutions, promoting human resources, and infrastructure development — and highlights the need for a combination of structural reforms, macroeconomic stability, environmental sustainability, and social equity.

Australia's commitment to development cooperation with Vietnam is ongoing. Reflecting our maturing economic partnership, we will continue to leverage Vietnam's significant domestic resources and foreign investment and support Vietnam's efforts to enter a new phase of economic development. By helping to stimulate the private sector, upskill the workforce, and support inclusive growth, we will contribute to achieving our shared, overarching goal of promoting prosperity and reducing poverty in Vietnam.

The Australian Government will provide an estimated $84.2 million in total ODA to Vietnam in 2018-19. This will include an estimated $58.4 million in bilateral funding to Vietnam.

Our program is organised around the following three mutually reinforcing objectives as outlined in the Aid Investment Plan 2015-20.

Objective 1: Enabling and engaging the private sector for development

Improving market institutions and infrastructure is essential to Vietnam's ongoing development. We are supporting economic reform by drawing on international experience in areas such as competition policy to help ‘level the playing field’ for the private sector. We will help identify innovative approaches that improve firms' access to finance by reducing the cost of credit and build their capacity.

Australia is helping Vietnam's Ministry of Transport prepare high-quality projects that address transport infrastructure gaps, prioritising a small number of infrastructure investments that promote the benefits of new engineering or contracting approaches for improved efficiency. We are also providing support to increase women's engagement in a largely male-dominated sector.

We are identifying innovative approaches to improve access to hygienic water in rural areas, including through making better use of private sector finance and the introduction of new technologies in remote areas.

Investments for enabling and engaging the private sector for development

Objective 2: Assisting the development and employment of a highly-skilled workforce

A skilled workforce that is harnessed by successful business will assist Vietnam to move into a new phase of growth and invest in innovation, ensuring that domestic industries can remain competitive. Australia will support Vietnam in its efforts to develop a skilled workforce by engaging with the private sector to ensure training meets industry needs.

We support Vietnam's human development with Australia Awards Scholarships, Australia Awards short courses and other informal learning opportunities, with an increased focus on targeting skills development and workplace productivity in priority sectors. We will promote participation among women, people with disability and members of ethnic minorities.

Investments for assisting the development and employment of a highly-skilled workforce

Objective 3: Promoting women’s economic empowerment, including ethnic minorities

Empowering women to participate actively in the economy is critical to reducing poverty and building a sustainable economy. Our assistance is supporting women's economic empowerment by promoting opportunities for women in the formal sector, and the expansion of women-led small to medium enterprises; contributing to more inclusive economic growth; and helping to close the gender gap in economic livelihoods in some of Vietnam's poor and remote communities.

Investments for promoting women’s economic empowerment, including ethnic minorities

Our results

Through the Aus4Skills program, 60 Australia Awards Scholarships were offered for Masters level study (77 per cent females), and four Australia Awards Short Courses were provided to 76 Vietnamese participants (nearly 60 per cent female) during 2017-18.

Launched the pilot Logistics Industry Reference Council in 2017 to promote industry linkages with vocational education and training to narrow the skill gaps of graduates to help them better respond to the demand of employers and the labour market of Vietnam and the region.

The Cao Lanh Bridge — Australia's largest single aid activity in mainland Southeast Asia — was completed in May 2018, and is creating new economic opportunities for the five million people living in the surrounding area.

With training support from the Women’s Economic Empowerment through Agricultural Value Chain Enhancement project, 1,700 farmers (60 per cent female) acquired better farming techniques, improved their skills in business planning, financial literacy and bargaining power in 2017.

The Integrated Costal Management Program supported 10,800 households in the Mekong Delta improve their income from its 25 livelihood models throughout its duration (2011-18).

The Restructuring for a More Competitive Vietnam program helped abolish 3,299 ineffective business conditions and draft a strengthened competition law to increase productivity and competition in the Vietnamese economy.

Our partnership with the Australian Water Association and East Meets West Foundation has enabled 3,610 rural households (16,245 people) to access piped water. A further 6,000 people in remote areas are now able to access drinking water through the introduction of Australian low cost membrane filtration technology.

Through the Australia-World Bank Strategic Partnership Phase 2 (ABP2), we supported sharing of research on how Vietnamese companies can effectively integrate with global value chains as a benefit of deepened economic integration. We also facilitated knowledge-sharing and policy dialogue in support of Vietnam’s development priorities, including through the high-level Mekong Delta Conference in 2017, among others.

Last Updated: 21 September 2018