Indonesia became the Chair of IORA in October 2015. There are two vice chairs, the previous and next IORA Chairs. As the previous Chair, Australia retains a role in the Troika. Completing the Troika is South Africa who will be the next IORA Chair from October 2017 to October 2019. The United Arab Emirates is expected to take the Chair from 2019-2021.
Past IORA Chairs include Australia (2013-2015); India (2011-2013); Yemen (2009-2011); Iran (2006-2008); Sri Lanka (2003-2005); Oman (2001-2002); Mozambique (1999-2000) and Mauritius (1997-1998).