On 14 November 2018, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 2444, which lifted sanctions on Eritrea. The Charter of the United Nations (Sanctions—Eritrea) Regulations 2010 have therefore now expired and will shortly be repealed. Permits will no longer be required for activities under these regulations.
Australia fully implemented the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) sanctions regime in relation to Eritrea.
The UNSC adopted resolution 1907 (2009) on 23 December 2009 imposing the sanctions regime in response to the ongoing border dispute between Djibouti and Eritrea, and Eritrea's support to armed groups destabilising and undermining peace and reconciliation in Somalia, which the UNSC determined constituted a threat to international peace and security. The sanctions regime was amended and renewed by several subsequent UNSC resolutions.