The 2019 Progress Report sets out Australia�s achievements under each of the 61 actions highlighted in the inaugural International Cyber Engagement Strategy.

Digital Trade

Australia�s Goal: Maximise the opportunity for economic growth and prosperity through digital trade

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Shaping an enabling environment for digital trade including through trade agreements, harmonisation of standards, and implementation of trade facilitation measures

— Promoting trade and investment opportunities for Australian digital goods and services

Shaping an enabling environment for digital trade including through trade agreements, harmonisation of standards, and implementation of trade facilitation measures �

Action 1.01 - Advocating for further digital trade liberalisation and facilitation through free trade agreements and through Australia�s participation in the WTO, OECD, APEC and G20

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Comprehensive and Progressive Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) Agreement: The CPTPP entered into force for Australia, Canada, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand and Singapore on 30 December 2018, and for Vietnam on 14 January 2019. The CPTPP contains state of the art commitments for trade in the digital age. It includes new rules about the movement and storage of data as well as enhanced commitments to protect privacy and consumer rights and combating �spam�.
  2. WTO E-commerce initiative: Australia led the move to begin negotiations on international digital trade rules. In January 2019, Australia and 75 other WTO Members released the Joint Statement on Electronic Commerce confirming their intention to commence WTO negotiations on trade-related aspects of electronic commerce. This is a significant step towards updating international trade rules to reflect modern business and trade practices and to address the growth of the digital economy.
  3. APEC Ministerial Meeting Chair�s Statement: In November 2018, Australia contributed to the drafting of the Chair�s Statement for the APEC Ministerial Meeting, which highlighted the importance of digital trade to the prosperity of the Asia Pacific region. The Statement included key activities APEC would undertake to create a strong enabling environment for digital trade liberalisation and facilitation, including through improving coordination and implementation of APEC�s Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap; and enabling the free flow of information and data. The Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment also announced the allocation of AUD$1.1 million to fund digital-related initiatives in APEC, including shaping regulatory frameworks, developing digital trade rules and improving approaches to digital measurement.

Action 1.02 - Supporting capacity building projects in the Indo-Pacific region to encourage the harmonisation of international standards for digital goods, building trust and confidence in digital trade

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Cyber Security Regional Standardisation Enhancement Program: Launched in January 2018, this Program assists Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands and Tonga to align their Internet standards with International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Information Management System standards. The Program funds engagement with ISO experts, the development of a Project Implementation Plan and research activities.
  2. ASEAN-Australia Digital Trade Standards Cooperation Initiative: Announced in March 2018, this Initiative supports cooperation between Australian and ASEAN member states to develop, adopt and use international standards that promote digital trade in the region.
  3. Regional Capacity Building: Launched in March 2018, Standards Australia and DFAT, with support from the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), is supporting developing countries (Fiji, PNG, Solomon Islands, Tonga, and Vanuatu in the Pacific, and Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal and Sri Lanka in South Asia) to adopt and use international digital standards. This work will enable increased trade facilitation, market access and business opportunities. It will also help regional countries create action plans to support digital inclusion and trade.

Action 1.03 - Opposing barriers to digital trade and advocating for implementation of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement through bilateral representations and involvement with WTO committees and councils, APEC and the G20

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. WTO Committee on Trade Facilitation Meetings: Throughout 2018 and continuing in 2019, Australia, in cooperation with likeminded nations, encouraged WTO Members to implement their respective obligations under the Trade Facilitation Agreement.

Action 1.04 - Designing and trialling an electronic Secure Trade Lane with New Zealand to provide benefits for trusted traders in both countries

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Secure Trade Lane (STL) Proof-of-Concept Trial: In late 2017, a proof of concept STL trial successfully tested the manual exchange of information sent by an exporter, aiming to streamline trans-Tasman trade. Early testing showed promise and will serve as a foundation for further development of the STL.

Action 1.05 - Promoting regulatory cooperation and coherence through Australia�s bilateral exchanges, the Australian free trade agreement agenda, Aid for Trade activities, as well as engagement in APEC and G20

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. E-commerce, Trade and Investment Facilitation Pilot: Launched in November 2018, this pilot with the World Economic Forum aims to identify priority reforms needed to enable and simplify digital trade and investment in Papua New Guinea. This project will pave the way for further work in e-commerce trade and investment facilitation in the Pacific.
  2. Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA): Signed on 4 March 2019, IA-CEPA includes commitments that will boost regulatory coherence and cooperation on digital trade between Australia and Indonesia. These include rules supporting the open flow of data, as well as commitments to protect privacy and consumer rights and combat �spam� messages. Through IA-CEPA, Australia and Indonesia agree to cooperate to support the continued development of e-commerce, including sharing information and experiences on e-commerce regulations and policies.
  3. Participation in the APEC Cross-Border Privacy Rules (CBPR) system: In October 2018, Australia was endorsed by APEC to participate in the CBPR. The CBPR supports regulatory coherence in digital trade by providing a framework for businesses and government to protect personal data to the standards prescribed by the APEC Privacy Framework. Australia is actively encouraging other APEC economies to participate in the CBPR.

Action 1.06 - Supporting public-private engagement on emerging digital trade issues in multilateral forums, including Business 20 and the APEC Business Advisory Council

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. APEC Senior Officials� Meeting: At the first APEC Senior Officials� Meeting in February-March 2019, Australia participated in public-private dialogues on digital trade policy and digital economy issues, including an in-depth discussion on the barriers and enablers for existing and emerging digital trade issues.
  2. APEC CEO Summit: In November 2018, more than 800 senior business executives from across the APEC region attended the APEC CEO Summit. At his address to the Summit, Prime Minister Scott Morrison highlighted the importance of the digital economy and connectivity to trade and noted Australia�s work to remove barriers to expanding the digital economy.
  3. FTA negotiations: Throughout 2017�2019, DFAT consulted with business, including SMEs, in developing Australia�s position in FTA negotiations. This was done through inviting submissions, direct consultations and through DFAT�s FTA Roadshow events.

Action 1.07 - Supporting the G20, OECD and other international research to improve digital trade measurement and develop policy responses

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. OECD: Australia worked with the OECD and its members to influence the OECD Digital Services Trade Restrictiveness Index, in addition to broader efforts across the OECD and other international organisations on measuring digital trade.
  2. G20: At the G20 Digital Economy Ministerial Meeting on 23-24 August, the G20 Argentinian Presidency, in collaboration with relevant international organisations, produced a G20 Toolkit for measuring the digital economy.

Action 1.08 - Encouraging transparency from bilateral partners on domestic legislation that could restrict trade, including through cyber policy dialogues

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Representations in key regional trading partners: Throughout 2018 and continuing in 2019, DFAT officials have made representations to our trading partners about new cyber security laws that potentially contravene their trade obligations and may result in a more trade restrictive environment for e-commerce.

Promoting trade and investment opportunities for Australian digital goods and services -

Action 1.09 - Developing a guide to exporting in the digital economy, providing practical advice for maximising international opportunities for Australian businesses

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Going Global for Start-Ups: Austrade has engaged a consultant to produce Going Global Guide for Start-Ups, an online guide for exporting geared towards start-ups. The Guide is due for release in 2019.

Action 1.10 - Developing a national digital economy strategy, which will position Australia to embrace the opportunities presented by digital trade

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Australia�s Digital Economy Strategy: In December 2018, the Australian Government released Australia�s Tech Future, a strategy for the digital economy.�It highlights the significant work that has already taken place across government and identifies further action required to ensure all Australians can enjoy an enhanced quality of life and share in the opportunities of a growing, globally competitive modern economy, enabled by technology.

Cyber Security

Australia�s Goal: a strong and resilient cyber security posture for Australia, the Indo-Pacific and the global community

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Maintaining strong cyber security relationships with international partners

— Encouraging innovative cyber security solutions and deliver world leading cyber security advice

— Developing regional cyber security capability

— Promoting Australia�s cyber security industry

Maintaining strong cyber security relationships with international partners

Action 2.01 - Strengthening and expanding Australia�s international cyber security information sharing partners and trusted networks

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Australian Cyber Security Centre (ACSC): The ACSC continued to strengthen existing information sharing networks and develop new contacts with international counterparts to protect Australian citizens, businesses and government online. In 2018, the ACSC expanded its information sharing and global cooperation efforts by joining the Steering Committee of the Meridian Process for Critical Information Infrastructure Protection.
  2. The Pacific: Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, DFAT supported Macquarie University to deliver two workshops in 2018 to Fijian Government officials to strengthen local cyber security capacity and build a technical foundation to establish a national Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT). In May 2018, DFAT provided technical assistance to Samoa to help develop and publish its Cyber Security Handbook. The Handbook helps Samoa�s ICT sector meet local needs through the use of best practice cyber security methods.
  3. Indonesia: Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, and in partnership with ASPI, DFAT delivered two cyber policy workshops in 2018 to Indonesian government officials to discuss best practice approaches to cyber security. This was followed by the 2018 Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Indonesia and the Government of Australia that strengthens cyber cooperation. To further promote information sharing between the two countries, a study tour to the ACSC was organised in September 2018, that showcased Australia�s cyber security expertise.

Action 2.02 - Strengthening and expanding Australia�s network of CERT relationships, especially in the Indo-Pacific

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Pacific: Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, DFAT supported the Asia Pacific Network Information Centre (APNIC) to mentor new and emerging CERTs in the Pacific in order to strengthen regional cyber security capacity. In 2018-2019, DFAT supported technical capability development of CERTs in Tonga and Vanuatu with direct support grants as part of the Cyber Cooperation Program, as well as funding the creation of the Security Operations Centre (SOC) in the Solomon Islands.
  2. Myanmar: Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, DFAT supported Monash University to strengthen cyber security capacity in Myanmar by developing and launching a national cyber security awareness campaign in June 2018. The campaign uses online and print comic books to provide cyber security awareness in a widely accessible format.

Action 2.03 - Be a prominent contributor to the APCERT community

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Australian Cyber Security Centre: In October 2018, the ACSC was re-elected Chair of the APCERT Steering Committee. With fellow Steering Committee members (from China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia and Taiwan), the ACSC is leading the regional effort to create a safe and reliable cyberspace in the Asia Pacific region.

Encouraging innovative cyber security solutions and deliver world leading cyber security advice

Action 2.04 - Promoting cyber security as a fundamental input in the design and delivery of ICT products, systems and services

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Australian Cyber Security Centre: The ACSC continued its promotion of cyber security as a fundamental input in the design and delivery of ICT products, systems and services in engagements with industry partners and ICT security vendors in Australia and internationally.
  2. Global Conference on CyberSpace: In July 2017, Austrade and DFAT jointly delivered the �Significance of Cyber Security in a Disruptive Digital Era� side event as part of New Delhi�s Global Conference on CyberSpace. The event provided an opportunity to highlight Australia�s approach to cyber security to a wide-ranging audience.

Action 2.05 - Supporting the development of international standards that improve cyber security and encourage harmonisation of standards for digital products

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Cyber Security Regional Standardisation Enhancement Program: Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, DFAT continues to support Standards Australia to deliver its project to assist a range of countries in our region (Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands and Tonga) to bring their Internet standards in line with International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 27000 Information Management System standards.
  2. Australasian Information Security Evaluation Program (AISEP): Through Australia�s national standards body, Standards Australia, the ACSC contributed to the International Organization for Standardization�s (ISO) work to review and develop an ISO standard for the Common Criteria for Recognition Arrangements (ISO/IEC 15408 and ISO/IEC 18045). These standards are the underpinning criteria used by the AISEP to evaluate and certify security of ICT products and systems in Australia and New Zealand.

Action 2.06 - Publishing translations of Australian Signals Directorate�s Essential Eight strategies and companion implementation of documents in the official languages of ASEAN members

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Mitigation Strategies 2017: DFAT translated the document into Bahasa Indonesia, Thai and Vietnamese to help cyber security professionals mitigate cyber security incidents.
  2. Essential Eight Explained: DFAT translated the document into Bahasa Indonesia, Thai and Vietnamese to provide a prioritised list of mitigation strategies to assist organisations protect their systems against cyber threats.
  3. Essential Eight Maturity Model: DFAT translated the document into Bahasa Indonesia, Thai and Vietnamese to assist organisations determine the maturity of their implementation of the Essential Eight.

Developing regional cyber security capability

Action 2.07 - Working with regional partners in the Pacific to establish the Pacific Cyber Security Operational Network (PaCSON)

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Australian Cyber Security Centre: The ACSC worked closely with regional partners in the Pacific to establish the Pacific Cyber Security Operational Network (PaCSON) in April 2018. Founding members include Australia, the Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, New Zealand, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, and Vanuatu. PaCSON is an enabler of cooperation and collaboration between Pacific technical experts, and empowers them to share cyber security threat information, tools, techniques and ideas.
  2. Pacific Cyber Security Operational Network (PaCSON): Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, DFAT supported PaCSON members to participate in a cyber security information exchange and cyber security awareness-raising workshop at the ACSC Brisbane office in April 2018. The visit was followed up by regular operational meetings to strengthen communication channels and collaboration.

Promoting Australia�s cyber security industry

Action 2.08 - Showcasing Australia�s cyber security capabilities to international customers and investors, including through delivery of an annual Australian Cyber Week

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Indonesia Australia Digital Forum: Austrade and DFAT organised the inaugural Indonesia Australia Digital Forum in Jakarta in February 2018, to showcase Australia�s cyber security capabilities. Forum participants included over 300 attendees from Indonesia as well as senior leaders from ACSC, DFAT, ASPI, AustCyber and six Australian cyber security companies.
  2. Australian Cyber Security Mission to RSA: Austrade and DFAT organised for over 50 Australian cyber security firms and industry partners to attend the April 2018 RSA Conference in San Francisco, and to visit Washington DC to showcase Australian cyber security expertise and strengthen industry connections.
  3. Australia Innovation Summit: Austrade and DFAT organised the Australia Innovation Summit in the Philippines in May 2018, which was attended by more than 140 participants. The event featured a dedicated roundtable on cyber security with participants from government, industry and academia.

Action 2.09 - Promoting and encouraging cyber security start-ups through Landing Pads

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Australian Cyber Security Mission to the USA: Austrade and AustCyber supported five Australian cyber security companies to participate in the San Francisco Landing Pad�s Cyber Security Program in April 2018. The Landing Pads initiative, funded under the National Science and Innovation Agenda (NISA), helps market-ready start-ups and scale-ups expand into major global innovation hubs.

Action 2.10 - Partnering with the private sector to host a workshop to co-design how Australia promotes its cyber security industry internationally

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Australian Cyber Week: Austrade and AustCyber delivered a half-day workshop with 20 representatives from the Australian cyber security industry in July 2018. The workshop provided an opportunity for the Australian Government to engage directly with industry to discuss ways to best promote their products and expertise internationally.

Cybercrime

Australia�s Goal: Stronger cybercrime prevention, prosecution and cooperation, with a particular focus on the Indo-Pacific

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Raising cybercrime awareness in the Indo-Pacific

— Assisting Indo-Pacific countries to strengthen their cybercrime legislation

— Delivering cybercrime law enforcement and prosecution capacity building in the Indo-Pacific

— Enhancing diplomatic dialogue and international information sharing on cybercrime

Raising cybercrime awareness in the Indo-Pacific by

Action 3.01 - Delivering cybercrime awareness training across the Indo-Pacific through public-private partnerships and the refreshed Cyber Safety Pasifika program

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Australian Federal Police (AFP): In 2018 the AFP worked with regional and international partners to deliver training to law enforcement officials from the Pacific and South East Asia to raise awareness and improve their capability to investigate and prosecute cybercrime, as well as carry out digital forensics.
  2. Cyber Safety Pasifika (CSP): To date the CSP program has provided cybercrime awareness training to police officers from 18 Pacific countries. This includes 168 police officers trained to deliver cybercrime awareness presentations, with another 50 officers completing the �train the trainer� course. In a first for CSP, two Police Officers from the Pacific have become CSP Lead Trainers, delivering an awareness raising course in Nauru.
  3. Translating cybercrime awareness information: CSP translated and printed cybercrime fact sheets in four regional languages: Cook Islands Maori, Pijin (Solomon Islands), French (Vanuatu) and Tongan, to increase the accessibility of cybercrime awareness information.

Assisting Indo-Pacific countries to strengthen their cybercrime legislation by �

Action 3.02 - Promoting the Budapest Convention as a best practice model for legislative responses to cybercrime and supporting accession to the Convention across the Indo-Pacific

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Attorney General�s Department (AGD): To promote the Budapest Convention in the Pacific and assist accession, AGD hosted the Pacific Legal Policy Champions Program in 2018. In addition, the AGD�s Pacific Legal Policy Twinning Program worked extensively with Tonga, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, Samoa, Tuvalu and Fiji to assist them to strengthen their Cybercrime legal frameworks and accede to the Budapest Convention.
  2. Tonga and Vanuatu: The AGD assisted Tonga to develop comprehensive legislation to support its accession to the Budapest Convention in May 2017, and fully implement its Budapest Convention obligations. The AGD also worked with Vanuatu to develop comprehensive legislation to meet the standards of the Budapest Convention and support accession. New cybercrime legislation was introduced to Vanuatu�s Parliament in November 2018.
  3. Budapest Convention training: The AFP and AGD, jointly with the Council of Europe, facilitated training on the Budapest Convention for the Pacific Police Policy Network in September 2018. The network, a group of policing policy managers from the Cook Islands, Fiji, Samoa, Kiribati, Tonga, Tuvalu, Nauru and Vanuatu, received training on the Convention and operational policies to support investigations involving electronic evidence and requiring international cooperation.

Action 3.03 - Being active in the negotiation of an Additional Protocol to the Budapest Convention on trans-border access to information

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Additional Protocol to the Budapest Convention: The Department of Home Affairs (DHA) actively participated in the Protocol Drafting Group for the Additional Protocol. Following consultations with academia, civil society and industry, DHA significantly contributed to negotiating the draft text of Additional Protocol. The Protocol is expected to be finalised by the end of 2019, opening for signature in 2020.

Action 3.04 - Working with the Pacific Islands Law Officers� Network to help strengthen cybercrime legislation in the region

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Annual PILON Cybercrime Workshop: In May 2017, the AGD supported the Pacific Islands Law Officers Network (PILON) to run the inaugural Annual PILON Cybercrime Workshop to foster greater understanding of key areas of the Budapest Convention and enhance practical investigation and prosecution skills within an appropriate legislative framework. Approximately 70 officials including senior policy officials, prosecutors and police from PILON�s 17 member countries attended the Workshop in Tonga. The AGD will continue to support these workshops to 2020 with assistance from the Cyber Cooperation Program.

Delivering cybercrime law enforcement and prosecution capacity building in the Indo-Pacific by -

Action 3.05 - Providing cybercrime training to law enforcement officers, prosecutors and judges across the Indo-Pacific

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. International Cybercrime Investigations Workshops: Starting in February 2018, the AFP, together with the Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement Cooperation (JCLEC), the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and New Zealand Police, trained police officers from 11 countries across the region as part of a series of International Cybercrime Investigations Workshops. Courses addressed a range of policing issues and skills development including on cryptocurrencies, online covert engagement, and digital forensics.
  2. The Cyber Leaders Working Group Protocol on Cybercrime: The AFP worked to enhance relationships with key partners across the region to support mutual interests in tackling cybercrime. The Cyber Leaders Working Group Protocol on Cybercrime cooperation between the AFP and Indonesian National Police (INP) is strengthening cooperation in cybercrime training between the AFP and INP.
  3. 44th Asia Regional Law Enforcement Management Program (ARLEMP 44): The AFP took part in the 44th Program meeting in Vietnam which was attended by 23 law enforcement officers from across the region as well as Europe. This was the first cybercrime investigation-themed program to be run, and a significant outcome of the program was the development by participants of a cybercrime action plan to implement in their jurisdiction.

Enhancing diplomatic dialogue and international information sharing on cybercrime by -

Action 3.06 - Seeking further opportunities to participate in strategic-level engagement on combatting transnational cybercrime

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Combatting transnational cybercrime: Australia remains an active contributor to international discussions on measures to address cybercrime. In late 2018, Australia, together with likeminded partners, opposed efforts to create a new instrument that would compete with the Budapest Convention during the UN Third Committee negotiations.
  2. UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ): Australia, represented by DFAT, DHA, and the Australian Institute of Criminology participated in the 2018 CCPCJ meeting in Vienna. The CCPCJ is the UN�s principal policy making body on crime prevention and criminal justice issues. Australia was influential in negotiations on three resolutions addressing trafficking in persons and cybercrime, including support for provisions on an open, free and secure cyberspace and provisions on combating online child sex exploitation.
  3. The Intergovernmental Expert Group (IEG): At the IEG on cybercrime in Vienna, which fosters collaboration on cybercrime issues at the global level, Australia encouraged the adoption of the Budapest Convention and also highlighted capacity building in the Indo-Pacific aimed at cybercrime legislative reform. A work plan was agreed which will ensure discussions continue on cybercrime legislation and frameworks, criminalisation, law enforcement and investigations, electronic evidence, international cooperation and prevention.

Action 3.07 - Sharing cybercrime threat information and enhancing operational collaboration with international partners to fight transnational crime

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Joint Cybercrime operations: The AFP�s investment in international relationships and its operational collaboration with foreign law enforcement agencies ensured successful prosecution of joint cybercrime operations in Australia and internationally.

International Security Cyberspace

Australia�s Goal: A stable and peaceful online environment

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Setting clear expectations for state behaviour in cyberspace

— Implementing practical confidence building measures to prevent conflict

— Deterring and responding to unacceptable behaviour in cyberspace

Setting clear expectations for state behaviour in cyberspace by �

Action 4.01 - Periodically publishing Australia�s position on the application of relevant international law to state conduct in cyberspace

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Australia�s position: For the first time, Australia published its position on the application of international law to state conduct in cyberspace in the 2017 International Cyber Engagement Strategy.

Action 4.02 - Facilitating advanced policy development and promoting informed public discussion on acceptable state behaviour in cyberspace through engagement with academics and experts in this field

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Special Visitors Programs: DFAT sponsored the February 2018 visit of Chris Painter, formerly the US� most senior cyber diplomat, to Australia for a series of talks and meetings, including publication of a paper on deterrence in cyberspace. DFAT also sponsored the August 2018 visit of Tim Maurer, Co-Director of the Cyber Policy Initiative, for a series of discussions on international law, norms and attribution with Australian experts in government, academia and business.
  2. International Law course (ASEAN): In July 2018, DFAT, through the Cyber Cooperation Program, supported Cyber Law International to deliver a course on the application of international law in cyberspace for ASEAN members in Singapore. The course facilitated advanced cyber policy development in the region and was organised in partnership with the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Cyber Security Agency of Singapore.
  3. Cyber Law and Emerging Technology Workshop: In October 2018, the Department of Defence, in collaboration with Melbourne Law School, held the annual Cyber Law and Emerging Technology Workshop. The workshop focused on the law applicable to cyber operations and the impact of new technologies on the legal landscape. The course was attended by five ADF personnel and 35 international military officers from 18 countries.

Action 4.03 - Seeking high-level reaffirmations from states that they will act in accordance with international law and identified norms of responsible state behaviour in cyberspace

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Joint statements: In 2017-2018, Australia issued joint statements affirming commitments to promote a peaceful and stable online environment with key counterparts, including bilaterally with Indonesia, India, Japan France, the UK, and the US, and multilaterally with ASEAN and Commonwealth member states.
  2. Memorandum of Understanding (Indonesia): The 2018 Australia-Indonesia MoU on Cyber Cooperation reaffirmed joint commitment to promote stability for cyberspace based on existing international law, norms of responsible state behaviour, practical confidence building measures, and cooperative capacity building.
  3. East Asia Summit (EAS): In November 2018, Australia co-sponsored with Singapore the EAS Leaders� Statement on Deepening Cooperation in the Security of Information and Communications Technologies and of the Digital Economy. The Statement acknowledges the findings of the 2010, 2013 and 2015 UN Group of Governmental Experts reports and supports dialogue on the application of existing international law and agreed norms of responsible state behaviour to cyberspace.

Action 4.04 - Partnering with countries in the Indo-Pacific to advance our combined understanding of how international law and norms of responsible state behaviour apply in cyberspace through bilateral engagement and regional and multilateral forums

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Cyber Policy Dialogues: In 2017-2018, DFAT hosted bilateral cyber policy dialogues with Japan, China, South Korea, and Indonesia, and a multilateral cyber policy dialogue with ASEAN member states. Each dialogue included extensive discussion on the applicability of international law and norms to cyberspace and practical efforts to deepen cooperation.
  2. Risk Reduction Workshops: DFAT co-sponsored Australia-ASEAN Cyber Risk Reduction workshops in Singapore in December 2017 and Thailand in February 2018. Both workshops discussed international law and norms, as well as practical scenarios on risk reduction in crises.
  3. Training: In July and December 2018, Cyber Law International, funded by the Cyber Cooperation Program, delivered training on the application of international law in cyberspace to ASEAN and Pacific countries so as to promote a common understanding of laws, norms and responsible state behaviour in cyberspace.

Implementing practical confidence building measures to prevent conflict by -

Action 4.05 - Developing a framework to exchange policy and diplomatic contacts, including bilaterally, to facilitate communication in times of crisis or tension arising from significant cyber incidents that have the potential to threaten international peace, security and stability

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF): DFAT co-sponsored with Malaysia a proposal to establish a point of contacts directory for ASEAN Regional Forum participants. The directory will be a practical measure to improve connectivity and communication between ARF participants during cyber security events of regional security significance. Australia is leading the development and testing of a pilot version of the Directory.

Action 4.06 - Working with regional organisations to conduct risk reduction workshops to enhance our capacity to manage and respond to cyber incidents that threaten international peace, security and stability, including exercising national and regional responses to severe cyber incidents

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Cyber Exercises: The ACSC participated in and observed a number of exercises during 2017- 2018. These include the Cyber Offensive and Defensive Exercise in Taiwan in November 2017, GridEx IV with the US in November 2017, the NISO 2018 Swedish Cyber Exercise in February 2018, the annual Asia-Pacific Computer Emergency Team Drill in March 2018, Cyberstorm IV in April 2018, and NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence Locked Shields in April 2018.

Action 4.07 - Holding cyber policy dialogues to discuss and work with partners to achieve priority goals on international cyber issues, including international law, norms of responsible state behaviour and confidence building measures

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Australia-Israel Roundtable: In October 2017, government, industry and academic stakeholders participated in the Australia-Israel Roundtable on Cyber Security in Jerusalem. The Roundtable provided an opportunity to exchange views on challenges and best practice responses in the field of cyber security in the government and commercial context.
  2. Australia-US 1.5 Track Dialogue: In February 2018, DFAT helped fund the ASPI-CSIS 1.5 Track Australia-US Cyber Dialogue, held in Washington DC. Discussion focused on ways to strengthen coordination between government and the private sector, and how to deter and respond to unacceptable behaviour in cyberspace.

Action 4.08 - Fostering recognition through diplomatic outreach and defence engagement that military offensive cyber capabilities are subject to the same limitations and obligations as any other military capability

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law: In March 2018, the Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law hosted a multidisciplinary roundtable with the International Committee of the Red Cross on the application of emerging military technologies to urban warfare. The roundtable included discussions on international humanitarian law and new technologies.
  2. Indonesia-Australia Defence Strategic Dialogue: In November 2018, the Department of Defence participated in the Indonesia-Australia Defence Strategic Dialogue, which included discussions on the importance of international cyber norms and a commitment to explore further common challenges in cyberspace.
  3. ASEAN Defence Ministers� Meeting � Plus Experts Working Group on Cyber Security: In November 2018, the Department of Defence participated in the fourth ASEAN Defence Ministers� Meeting � Plus Experts Working Group on Cyber Security. The meeting included discussions on cyber terminology and escalation and communication procedures.

Deterring and responding to unacceptable behaviour in cyberspace by -

Action 4.09 - Reviewing Australia�s range of options to deter and respond to unacceptable behaviours in cyberspace, particularly those involving state actors and their proxies

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Review of Response Options: In 2018, the Australian Government conducted the first comprehensive stocktake of available response options to unacceptable behaviours in cyberspace which encompassed diplomatic, economic, legal and law enforcement, defence-based, and private sector measures. The Review�s findings will shape Australia�s responses to significant cyber incidents and our overall deterrence posture.

Action 4.10 - Undertaking diplomatic action to support an international cooperative architecture that promotes stability, responds to, and deters unacceptable behaviour in cyberspace

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Public Attributions: The Australian Government has been forward leaning in calling out unacceptable behaviour in cyberspace. In December 2017, Australia joined with five countries to attribute the �WannaCry� ransomware campaign to North Korea. This was followed in February 2018 when Australia joined 11 countries to attribute the �NotPetya� malware attacks on critical infrastructure and businesses to Russian state-sponsored actors. In April 2018, Australia joined the US and UK to attribute the worldwide targeting of Cisco routers to Russian state-sponsored actors. In October 2018, Australia joined 21 international partners to attribute to Russia a pattern of malicious cyber activity targeting political institutions, businesses, media and sport. In October 2018, the Foreign Minister also condemned Russian cyber operations against the OPCW and MH17 investigation. In December 2018, Australia attributed a global campaign of cyber-enabled intellectual property theft to a group known as APT10, acting on behalf of China�s Ministry of State Security.

Internet Governance & Cooperation

Australia�s Goal: an open, free and secure Internet, achieved through a multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance and cooperation

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Advocating for a multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance that is inclusive, consensus-based, transparent and accountable

— Opposing efforts to bring the management of the Internet under government control

— Raising awareness across the Indo-Pacific of Internet governance issues and encourage engagement of regional partners in Internet governance and cooperation discussions

Advocating for a multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance that is inclusive, consensus-based, transparent and accountable by �

Action 5.01 - Advocating for an open, free and secure Internet, underpinned by a multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance and cooperation

Key activities include:

  1. International advocacy: Australia championed the importance of the multi-stakeholder system to an open, free and secure Internet in key Internet governance and telecommunications forums. This includes the 2017 Internet Governance Forum, 2018 Asia-Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum, the 2018 International Telecommunication Union Plenipotentiary, and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers Governmental Advisory Committee.
  2. Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace: Australia joined with likeminded countries, companies and civil society organisations to support the Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace, which recognises the necessity of the multi-stakeholder system to a stable and secure cyberspace.

Action 5.02 - Supporting an annual community-led Australian Internet governance and cooperation forum

Key activities include:

  1. The Australian Internet Governance Forum (auIGF): In July 2018, DFAT supported a one-day workshop to develop a plan for a sustainable Australian Internet community forum. The workshop was attended by more than fifty representatives from civil society, academia, government and the private sector. A steering group, with support from the Department of Communications and the Arts, is continuing to develop and implement the plan for a new forum for the Australian Internet community to discuss and address Internet governance and cooperation issues.

Action 5.03 - Outlining Australia�s strong commitment to fostering fair and effective competition online, emphasising a preference for general competition law

Key activities include:

  1. The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC): The ACCC is conducting an inquiry into digital platforms to examine the effect of search engines, social media platforms and other digital content platforms in media and advertising markets. The preliminary report was issued in December 2018, and the final report is due in June 2019.

Opposing efforts to bring the management of the Internet under government control by �

Action 5.04 - Opposing efforts to bring the management of the Internet under government control

Key activities include:

  1. International Telecommunication Union (ITU): In November 2018 Australia secured re-election to the ITU Council at its Plenipotentiary conference. As an active member of the ITU Council, Australia maintains a strong voice on the direction and work of the ITU, encouraging it to focus on delivering key initiatives within its mandate in a manner that supports multi-stakeholder Internet governance.
  2. ITU Plenipotentiary: Australia and likeminded partners negotiated to ensure that the resolutions of the conference supported a multi-stakeholder system and balanced the needs of all stakeholders. Australia and our likeminded partners successfully opposed proposals for a new cyber treaty and supported measures that will improve gender balance and equity in the ITU.

Raising awareness across the Indo-Pacific of Internet governance issues and encourage engagement of regional partners in Internet governance and cooperation discussions by �

Action 5.05 - Building the capacity of Indo-Pacific partners to engage in regional and international discussions on Internet governance and cooperation

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Internet Governance training: Through the Cyber Cooperation Program, DFAT has supported training of officials from the Indo-Pacific to ensure greater awareness and understanding of Internet Governance issues and the value of a multi-stakeholder system. Support included funding attendance for 13 officials from the region to the Global Conference on CyberSpace in Delhi in November 2017, and supporting the Asia-Pacific Regional Internet Governance Forum in Vanuatu in August 2018.

Human Rights & Democracy Online

Australia�s Goal: Human rights apply online as they do offline

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Advocating for the protection of human rights and democratic principles online

— Supporting international efforts to promote and protect human rights online

— Ensuring respect for and protection of human rights and democratic principles online are considered in all Australian aid projects with digital technology components

Advocating for the protection of human rights and democratic principles online by �

Action 6.01 - Advocating upholding and protecting human rights and democratic freedoms online

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. 38th Session of the Human Rights Council (HRC): Australia co-sponsored four resolutions promoting the protection of human rights online, including A/HRC/38/L.10/Rev.1 on the promotion, protection and enjoyment of human rights on the Internet.
  2. Freedom Online Coalition (FOC): Australia co-sponsored a statement advocating for human rights online, including on Internet freedom on behalf of the 24 members of the Freedom Online Coalition at the 2018 Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). The FOC is a coalition of member governments, including Australia, which advocates for Internet freedom and the protection of human rights online.
  3. DFAT-NGO Forum on Human Rights: In February 2018, DFAT held the inaugural dialogue with NGO representatives on �Freedom of Expression in the Digital Age�. The dialogue discussed how civil society and DFAT can work more closely together to advocate for the protection of human rights and democratic principles online, both as part of the Strategy and Australia�s Human Rights Council membership.

Action 6.02 - Sharing concerns about, and aiming to prevent, undue restrictions of human rights online as well as cyber-enabled interference in democratic processes

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. 38th Session of the Human Rights Council (HRC): In 2018, Australia delivered its national statement at the 38th Council meeting, highlighting our concerns regarding restrictions on Freedom of Expression, including online.
  2. eSafety conference: In November 2017, the eSafety Commissioner organised the international Online Safety - On the Edge conference in Sydney. DFAT participated and advocated for Australia�s vision of an open, free and secure Internet, and the importance of protecting freedom of speech when tackling the challenge of fake news.

Action 6.03 - Funding capacity building in the Indo-Pacific to raise awareness of states� human rights obligations online

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Awareness raising: In 2018, DFAT provided financial support to the Digital Defenders Partnership (DDP) to undertake awareness raising activities focusing on the Indo-Pacific. Formed by the Freedom Online Coalition, the DDP works to protect and advance Internet freedoms, and keep the Internet free from emerging threats.
  2. Capacity building: Through a series of workshops held in-country in 2018-2019, DFAT worked with Indonesian parliamentary staff, journalists, activists, and business representatives to support the inclusion of human rights frameworks in the development of cyber law reform policies and activities.

Supporting international efforts to promote and protect human rights online by �

Action 6.04 - Supporting non-government organisations that defend human rights online

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Human Rights and Technology Conference: In July 2018, DFAT sponsored the Australian Human Rights Commission to explore the impact and opportunities of new technologies to protect and promote rights and freedoms, including by holding the �Human Rights and Technology� Conference in Sydney. The Cyber Cooperation Program supported 10 delegates from the Asia-Pacific region to attend the Conference and participate in a workshop on Asia-Pacific perspectives on promoting and protecting human rights online.
  2. Promoting rights online in the Philippines: DFAT supported the Foundation for Media Alternatives in the Philippines to promote human rights in the digital landscape. Funded through the Cyber Cooperation Program, the first of four workshops was held in September 2018 and brought together 28 women to discuss and raise awareness of their rights online and what they can do to ensure their rights are respected and fulfilled.

Ensuring respect for and protection of human rights and democratic principles online are considered in all Australian aid projects with digital technology components by �

Action 6.05 - Providing guidance to ensure that human rights online are protected in Australian aid and non-government projects with digital technology components

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Guidance for digital technology projects: DFAT commenced drafting two guidance notes to ensure that human rights online are protected in Australian aid and non-governmental projects with digital technology components, and to ensure that digital technologies used in, or provided to, Australian aid and non-government projects are secure by design. The guidance notes, to be finalised in 2019, will inform both the Australian Government and implementing partners on effective management and delivery of aid through digital technology projects.

Technology for Development

Australia�s Goal: Digital technologies are used to achieve sustainable development and inclusive economic growth in the Indo-Pacific

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Improving connectivity and access to the Internet across the Indo-Pacific, in collaboration with international organisations, regional governments and the private sector

— Encouraging the use of resilient development-enabling technologies for e-governance and the digital delivery of services

— Supporting entrepreneurship, digital skills and integration into the global marketplace

Improving connectivity and access to the Internet across the Indo-Pacific, in collaboration with international organisations, regional governments and the private sector by �

Action 7.01 - Partnering with international organisation, regional governments, development banks and the private sector to improve Internet accessibility in the Indo-Pacific

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. The Coral Sea Cable System: In July 2018, following a trilateral Memorandum of Understanding between Australia, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea, work commenced on construction of the undersea telecommunications cable connecting the two countries to Australia. The new cable system will deliver faster, cheaper and more reliable communications infrastructure, providing Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea significant economic and development benefits.
  2. Expanding PNG�s satellite connectivity: In 2018, the Australian Government financed an expansion and upgrade of a satellite ground station in Port Moresby, increasing Papua New Guinea�s Internet capacity by approximately 30 per cent.

Action 7.02 - Working with partner countries in the Indo-Pacific to develop domestic regulatory, legal and institutional frameworks that support competitive telecommunications sectors

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Solomon Islands ICT sector development: In November 2018, DFAT, through the Cyber Cooperation Program, commissioned the World Bank to undertake an analysis of the ICT enabling environment in Solomon Islands and provide a roadmap to: prioritise actions in legislative and regulatory reform; transition to a digital government; and, transition to a digital economy.
  2. Pacific telecommunications infrastructure: In September 2018, DFAT organised for telecommunications regulators, legislators and senior policy makers from the Pacific to meet with senior officials from Australian government, regulatory bodies, and the private sector, as well as to attend the Pacific Connect conference. The visit provided an opportunity for all delegates to consider the economic and development benefits of working with Australia to build interconnected Pacific telecommunications infrastructure.

Action 7.03 - Promoting digital inclusion across the Indo-Pacific through educational programs, leadership initiatives and strategic partnerships

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Pacific Connect: In October 2017, DFAT funded the inaugural Pacific Connect program with the theme of building �Australia-Pacific Connections for the Digital Future�. With an initial focus on six countries in the Pacific (Fiji, Samoa, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Tonga) the program will build stronger, strategic-level relationships between Pacific and Australian leaders across the public, private and community sectors.
  2. Australia-Pacific BRIDGE School Partnerships: Launched in March 2018 and funded by the Australian Government, the Partnership�s pilot program connects Australian schools with their counterparts across the Pacific to support collaborative learning, best practice exchange between teachers, and increased use of digital technology in classrooms. The pilot program works with schools in Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Nauru, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu.
  3. Commonwealth Digital Identity Initiative: In 2018, the Australian Government partnered with the United Kingdom on the Commonwealth Digital Identity Initiative, a two-year program focused on achieving Sustainable Development Goal 16.9, which aims to provide a legal identity for all people by 2030. DFAT funding supports the World Bank�s Identity for Development (ID4D) program and ensures a focus on women and girls in the Pacific. The Pacific Regional Digital Identity Workshop, held in December 2018, brought together representatives from six Pacific countries to discuss current digital identity issues and ways of working together to address them.

Encouraging the use of resilient development-enabling technologies for e-governance and the digital delivery of services by �

Action 7.04 - Working with partner governments, the private sector and financial institutions across the Indo-Pacific to promote e-governance, online service delivery and innovative uses of technology for enhanced economic opportunity and sustainable development

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Tupaia visualisation platform: In October 2017, DFAT�s innovation Xchange program identified and supported the development of the open source Tupaia health data aggregation, analysis and visualisation platform. Today Tupaia is saving lives across the Pacific by helping local governments and communities track essential medical supplies in Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Tonga, Cook Islands, Tokelau and Timor-Leste with technical support also being provided to the Government of Papua New Guinea.
  2. Access to Finance for the Poor: In 2017, DFAT joined with Germany�s development agency (GIZ) to support the development of financially sustainable village banks in Laos, which will use a digital financial services platform to provide villagers with inclusive access to financial services. This will enable village banks to promote small scale enterprises, financial literacy, and economic development.

Action 7.05 - Providing guidance to ensure that digital technologies used in, or provided to, Australian aid and non-government projects are safe and resilient

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Guidance on digital technologies: In 2018, DFAT completed the Terms of Reference for a future guidance note on ensuring digital technologies are safe and resilient.

Supporting entrepreneurship, digital skills and integration into the global marketplace by �

Action 7.06 - Working with public and private sector partners to encourage businesses and entrepreneurs to find solutions to regional development challenges using innovative technologies

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Technology for Development Challenge: In September 2018, DFAT launched the inaugural Technology for Development Challenge for entrepreneurs and start-ups from Australia and the Indo-Pacific, aiming to address development challenges in the Pacific in an innovative, cyber-security focussed fashion. The first Challenge is aimed at connecting and supporting young people in the Solomon Islands to maximise their skills and education to access jobs across the country and internationally.
  2. GSMA Ecosystem Accelerator: Through the innovation Xchange, DFAT is funding the GSMA Ecosystem Accelerator Innovation Fund to provide selected local start-ups in Asia Pacific with grant funding, technical assistance, and the opportunity to partner with mobile operators in their markets to help scale their products and services into sustainable businesses to drive socioeconomic impact. Since 2017, the program has funded projects such as a smart fish feeding machine for commercial aquaculture in Indonesia, and a job-matching platform for low-skilled workers in Myanmar.

Action 7.07 - Partnering with regional governments, multilateral forums and educational institutions to build digital-ready workforces and support digital upskilling across the Indo-Pacific

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Digital financial literacy and awareness in Papua New Guinea: Australia organised an APEC capacity-building workshop for Papua New Guinean Government officials in June 2018. The workshop produced an action plan and identified initiatives Papua New Guinea can adopt to enhance consumer digital financial literacy and awareness.
  2. Financial Action Task Force (FATF): Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre (AUSTRAC) as a member of FATF participated in a number of working groups and initiatives throughout 2018 to ensure effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures to fight money laundering and terrorism financing.

Action 7.08 - Supporting new technologies and tools for developing countries to facilitate digital trade, including improvements in policy and customs practices and better access to trade finance

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Transport Network Strategic Investment Tool (TraNSIT): In October 2017, with funding from DFAT the CSIRO successfully tested its TraNSIT platform in Indonesia to analyse both small and large scale investments in the agriculture supply chain. This Australian expertise will help countries in the Indo-Pacific to develop and apply new software to reduce transport and logistics costs for small scale producers, as well as inform infrastructure policy and investment decisions.
  2. ISO/TC 307 - Blockchain and distributed ledger technologies: Australia, as the Chair of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) Technical Committee, represented by Standards Australia, led the development of international standards for blockchain and distributed ledger technologies. This work will ensure that blockchain technologies, which have the potential to underpin digital trade, can be deployed globally. During its time as Chair, Australia has initiated work on smart contracts, supply chain and trade facilitation in the context of blockchain technology.

Action 7.09 - Focussing Australian Aid for Trade efforts on connecting small businesses and women entrepreneurs in developing countries to digital economy opportunities and global supply chains

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Supporting women entrepreneurs: The Export Council of Australia, funded by DFAT, developed a program to support female entrepreneurs in developing countries to expand their businesses, particularly through export, to international markets. In 2018, the first two of six courses were run in September and November for women from South Asia and the Pacific to develop their digital skills and help integrate their businesses into the global marketplace.
  2. Promoting Australian blockchain expertise: In May 2018, Austrade in partnership with Data61 (the digital innovation arm of Australia's national science agency), and the NSW Government, led a delegation of 50 Australian blockchain experts to New York for the Blockchain Mission to Consensus 2018. As part of the visit, Austrade explored collaboration opportunities with the World Bank Group (WBG) and positioned Australian tech entrepreneurs as global leader in the development of blockchain technology.

Comprehensive & Coordinated Cyber Affairs

Australia�s Goal: Australia�s Goal: Australia pursues a comprehensive & coordinated cyber affairs agenda

To achieve this goal, Australia is:

— Enhancing understanding of Australia�s comprehensive cyber affairs agenda

— Increasing funding for Australia�s international cyber engagement activities

— Coordinating and prioritising Australia�s international cyber engagement activities

Enhancing understanding of Australia�s comprehensive cyber affairs agenda by �

Action 8.01 - Promoting Australia�s vision of comprehensive cyber affairs through ongoing diplomatic engagement

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Public outreach: In 2018, the Ambassador for Cyber Affairs and his team delivered fifty presentations to a wide range of audiences in Australia and internationally, promoting Australia�s ambitious cyber affairs agenda. The Ambassador�s active social media and web presence reiterated our key messages through active online advocacy.
  2. Australia-Indonesia Cyber Policy Dialogue: In August 2018, the Ambassador for Cyber Affairs led a whole-of-government delegation to Jakarta for the second bilateral Cyber Policy Dialogue. The Dialogue covered the full range of cyber affairs, including cyber threat perceptions, views on multilateral cyber policy, responses to malicious cyber activity and the development of national policies and legislation.

Action 8.02 - Creating a Cyber Affairs Curriculum for Australia�s international representatives through DFAT�s Diplomatic Academy

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Cyber Affairs Curriculum: DFAT has developed the first comprehensive Cyber Affairs training program for DFAT officers in Australia and overseas. The training program will enhance the capability of DFAT officers to engage with international counterparts on Australia�s interests and positions on cyber issues. Following a successful pilot in October 2018, the inaugural course was delivered to Australian diplomats in Geneva in February 2019. Additional courses are scheduled throughout the remainder of 2019.

Increasing funding for Australia�s international cyber engagement activities by �

Action 8.03 - Funding new international cyber engagement projects in the Indo-Pacific through the Cyber Cooperation Program

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Cyber Cooperation Program funding: Demonstrating Australia�s commitment to enhancing cyber capacity across the Indo-Pacific, Australia increased its total investment in the Cyber Cooperation Program from $4 million in 2016 to $34 million in 2019. Since 2016, a total of 40 projects were delivered with over 25 partners across 24 countries in the Indo-Pacific.

Coordinating and prioritising Australia�s international cyber engagement activities by �

Action 8.04 - Establishing a quarterly whole-of-Government meeting, convened by the Ambassador for Cyber Affairs, to coordinate and prioritise Australia�s international cyber activities

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. Inter-Departmental Committee: In 2018, the Ambassador for Cyber Affairs convened and chaired four meetings with representatives from the Australian Cyber Security Centre, Australian Signals Directorate, Australian Federal Police, Attorney Generals Department, Austrade, Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission, Department of Human Services, Defence, Department of Innovation, Industry and Science, Department of Communications and the Arts, Department of Home Affairs, Department of Finance and the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet to coordinate and prioritise Australia�s international cyber activities.

Action 8.05 - Establishing an Industry Advisory Group that meets biannually to facilitate public-private collaboration on Australia�s international cyber engagement

Key outcomes delivered include:

  1. DFAT is currently exploring possible options.
Executive Summary
1. Digital Trade