The Australian Government has negotiated a number of Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) which aim to promote stronger trade and commercial ties with FTA partner(s), and open up opportunities for exporters and investors to expand their business interests in those markets.
A key feature of these FTAs is the inclusion of commitments on the reduction and elimination of tariffs on products that meet the Rules of Origin (ROO) requirements of the relevant FTA. The ROO requirements differ in varying degrees between different FTAs, but share the common purpose of providing the basis for determining which goods will qualify for the tariff commitments contained in the relevant FTA. A central aim of the ROO requirements is to ensure that materials imported from non-Parties to a particular FTA partner are "substantially transformed" prior to trade between the FTA partners.
In some cases, in order to access those negotiated tariff commitments, the FTA may require exporters to obtain a certificate of origin or declaration of origin to confirm that the goods being exported comply with the relevant ROO requirements.
Requirements for certificates of origin and declarations of origin differ between each FTA. To ensure you follow the correct procedures for determining compliance with FTA rules of origin and origin documentation, please refer to the business guides relating to individual Australian free trade agreements.
See Australia's free trade agreements (FTAs) for more information.