Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations (PACER) Plus

About PACER Plus

The Pacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations Plus is a regional development-centred trade agreement. It is a comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (FTA) covering goods, services and investment. Negotiations on PACER Plus commenced in 2009 and concluded in Brisbane on 20 April 2017.

PACER Plus opened for signature on 14 June 2017, and has been signed by Australia, New Zealand and nine Pacific island countries (Cook Islands, Kiribati, Nauru, Niue, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu).

PACER Plus is an important part of Australia’s engagement in the Pacific and provides an avenue to help foster a secure, stable and prosperous region. PACER Plus will provide commercial opportunities for Australian exporters and investors in a range of sectors. These opportunities will increase over time as the provisions of the Agreement lead to more open and transparent policies, and as wider relationships are built regionally and beyond.

Dedicated development assistance is being provided as part of PACER Plus. The PACER Plus Readiness Package supports Pacific island country signatories to ratify the Agreement. There are five work-elements under the PACER Plus Readiness Package:

  • Legislative drafting
  • Customs modernisation, harmonisation, implementation of up to date tariff codes and transposition of schedules
  • Training on notification requirements under the Agreement
  • Public outreach and stakeholder engagement
  • Revenue planning and mitigation.

The PACER Plus Implementation Package, once the Agreement enters into force, will help Pacific island country signatories to take advantage of the Agreement.

Australia, New Zealand and Samoa have ratified the Agreement. Other signatories are working toward ratifying it. PACER Plus will come into force 60 days after the eighth signatory to ratify the Agreement notifies the Depositary in Tonga that they have completed their domestic processes.

Last Updated: 22 July 2019

Pacer Plus market snapshot

  • GDP: US$1.4 trillion (2016)
  • Population: 31 million (2016)
  • Trade with Australia: AU$26 billion (FY 2016)

Contact us


Fax: 02 6261 2661


Pacific Regional Branch
Pacific Division
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
R G Casey Building
John McEwen Crescent
Barton ACT 0221