Statistics on who invests in Australia

Foreign economies had a total of $3.5 trillion invested in Australia at the end of 2018.

Which economies invest in Australia?

The United States and United Kingdom are the biggest investors in Australia, followed by Belgium, Japan and Hong Kong (SAR of China).

China is our ninth largest foreign investor, with 1.8 per cent of the total. However, the levels of Hong Kong (SAR of China) and Chinese investment in Australia have grown significantly over the past decade.

The table below shows the top 20 foreign investors in Australia at the end of 2018. Yearly values are in A$ billion and include both direct, portfolio investment and other investment.

Which economies invest in Australia? 2018, A$ billion
Rank in 2018 Economy 2016 2017 2018 % of total % change 2017 to 2018 5-year trend % growth
1 United States 859.5 906.2 939.5 26.7 3.7 5.0
2 United Kingdom 526.2 486.5 574.8 16.4 18.1 4.0
3 Belgium 271.6 308.1 316.9 9.0 2.8 9.4
4 Japan 223.0 225.1 229.3 6.5 1.9 6.8
5 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 102.8 108.7 118.8 3.4 9.2 13.6
6 Singapore 91.6 85.4 85.4 2.4 -0.0 1.7
7 Netherlands 76.6 82.1 81.5 2.3 -0.8 12.3
8 Luxembourg 74.5 80.9 78.4 2.2 -3.0 7.0
9 China 85.0 64.0 63.6 1.8 -0.6 3.5
10 France 28.2 25.3 50.2 1.4 98.6 18.7
11 Germany 43.3 48.5 49.0 1.4 1.0 9.6
12 Canada 41.6 44.7 48.7 1.4 8.9 9.8
13 Switzerland 58.5 53.8 47.9 1.4 -11.0 -1.2
14 New Zealand 44.9 45.6 47.1 1.3 3.4 7.5
15 Bermuda 39.4 41.7 41.9 1.2 0.4 18.1
16 Republic of Korea 24.5 25.7 27.4 0.8 6.7 7.5
17 Virgin Islands, British 24.2 24.3 23.9 0.7 -1.5 4.8
18 Malaysia 21.3 21.4 22.2 0.6 3.6 2.2
19 Ireland 26.1 24.2 21.8 0.6 -9.9 7.1
20 Norway 16.0 20.1 19.6 0.6 -2.3 22.1
  All economies 3,235.9 3,327.4 3,514.4   5.6 6.3
Based on ABS catalogue 5352.0. Last updated: May 2019.

How does this compare with other economies?

Australia has the 14th-highest amount of direct foreign inward investment in the world.

The table below shows how our level of direct inward investment compared with other economies in 2018. Yearly values are in US$ billion.

Economies ranked by direct foreign inward investment 2018, US$ billion
Rank in 2018 Economy 2016 2017 2018 % of total % change 2017 to 2018 5-year trend % growth
1 United States 6,586.4 7,844.2 7,464.7 23.1 -4.8 9.8
2 Hong Kong (SAR of China) 1,626.0 1,943.9 1,997.2 6.2 2.7 8.2
3 United Kingdom 1,475.6 1,805.8 1,890.4 5.9 4.7 4.3
4 Netherlands 1,394.2 1,688.3 1,673.8 5.2 -0.9 13.2
5 China 1,354.6 1,488.7 1,627.7 5.0 9.3 11.2
6 Singapore 1,112.6 1,393.4 1,481.0 4.6 6.3 10.3
7 Switzerland 1,081.8 1,154.8 1,062.8 3.3 -8.0 7.5
8 Germany 794.5 957.4 939.0 2.9 -1.9 0.5
9 Ireland 840.7 892.7 909.5 2.8 1.9 18.9
10 Canada 965.9 1,073.0 894.0 2.8 -16.7 -0.2
11 France 694.9 818.5 824.9 2.6 0.8 2.5
12 British Virgin Islands 643.6 701.2 745.4 2.3 6.3 7.7
13 Brazil 563.5 623.0 684.2 2.1 9.8 2.3
14 Australia 606.1 689.4 682.9 2.1 -0.9 4.3
15 Spain 553.8 645.3 659.0 2.0 2.1 1.4
16 Cayman Islands 442.5 468.1 525.5 1.6 12.3 16.4
17 Belgium 515.1 582.6 522.3 1.6 -10.3 -0.6
18 Mexico 473.4 490.6 485.8 1.5 -1.0 -0.3
19 Italy 352.6 428.0 431.0 1.3 0.7 4.2
20 Russian Federation 393.9 441.1 407.4 1.3 -7.7 2.7
  All economies 28,243.0 32,623.6 32,272.0   -1.1 4.5
Source: UNCTADstat database. Last Updated: July 2019.
Last Updated: 19 July 2019